13 Reasons Why Theme Essay Conclusion

Theme Development In Thirteen Reasons Why

Youth Suicide is one of the leading causes of youth death. In fact, statistics show that approximately 4600 teens commit suicide each year in the US (2013). One of the principal reasons why teens commit suicide is due to the fact that others have a huge negative impact on the teen's life. To prevent less deaths, one should learn that everything has consequences to it so one should consider how they affect others through actions and words. That is one of the central themes that Jay Asher shows in his book, Thirteen Reasons Why. He demonstrates the message by creating the tapes to represent the theme in the book. Asher also shows it by developing two strong lead characters, Hannah Baker and Clay Jensen.

Firstly, the most important symbol are the tapes which is what the story revolves around. First of all, they are a helped develop the theme since they symbolize the theme itself within the novel. They develop the theme because their purpose was to tell 13 different reasons why Hannah killed herself; which is practically how 13 different people have impacted her life. For example, on Cassette 1:Side 8 she tells the story of how Alex Standoll made a difference in her life. He made the "hot/not list" as a joke without knowing how it would affect Hannah's life. He thought of it as a joke yet it lead to multiple results that changed Hannah's life, such as creating conflict with Jessica. This show the theme because it is another example where one did not consider the consequences for their actions. Alex did not seem to think about how foolish life can create so much conflict but it did. As a result of it, the list had lead to many bad effects on Hannah even if it was portrayed as a joke. Another way Asher establishes the theme is by making an effect towards the 13 who were on the tapes. In Clay's case, he was dreadful the next morning. All he could think about are the tapes and Hannah. He says that he had to "fight every muscle in his body, begging to him to collapse." (pg.283) This shows that the mix tapes had made a significant impact because before he started listening to them, he did not seem so interested about Hannah's dead. When he found the package which had the tapes in them, he was excited. Once he listened to the tapes, however, he started to become concerned and he now has the guilt of being part of the reason why Hannah killed herself. Overall, the tapes were a huge part of theme development since they help flourish different examples where the theme is shown.

Secondly, he develops the theme throughout the idea of Hannah's character with the things she has learnt and realized. In one scenario, she is a witness to rape at a party. She learns that this society isn't the way it should be. She says "I could have stopped it... If I could have thought about anything, I would have opened those doors and stopped it. But I didn't And it doesn't matter what my excuse was." This shows Hannah in a situation where she faces the theme. She should...

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A common use for Storyboard That is to help students create a plot diagram of the events from a story. Not only is this a great way to teach the parts of the plot, but it reinforces major events and helps students develop greater understanding of literary structures.

Students can create a storyboard capturing the narrative arc in a work with a six-cell storyboard containing the major parts of the plot diagram. For each cell, have students create a scene that follows the story in sequence using: Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution.



Example Thirteen Reasons Why Summary

Exposition

The faculty and students at Crestmont High School are shocked to see Hannah Baker's empty desk and learn that she has committed suicide. The student body is disturbed, but there is little discussion of the incident, and no one attends her out-of-town funeral.


Conflict

Clay Jensen, a boy who had a crush on Hannah, discovers a package of cassette tapes at his front door. The tapes contain the story of thirteen reasons (people) for Hannah's suicide. Each of the 13 people who will receive the box of tapes will learn how they contributed to Hannah's decision to take her own life.


Rising Action

As Clay listens to the tapes, he learns that Hannah was misrepresented in rumors that spread around school. As a result of these rumors, Hannah struggled to fit in, and was betrayed and abused by many of her peers. Clay worries about his own reason for appearing on the tapes, as he agonizes over the pain Hannah expresses in her story.


Climax

Clay listens to tape #5 and discovers his connection to Hannah's death. Hannah doesn't blame him, but explains that she liked him. She describes a party where she and Clay talked for the first time. Due to their similarities and mutual attraction, they had could have become close. But after they kiss, Hannah pushes Clay away. Later, Hannah witnesses a rape and a drunk driving accident. This night is a turning point, eliminating her sense of self-worth and desire to open up to others.


Falling Action

All but determined to take her own life, Hannah makes one last attempt to reach out for help by talking to Mr. Porter. When he tells her to “move beyond” her troubles, she makes a final decision to kill herself. She records the tapes, mails them, and then commits suicide.


Resolution

After listening to the tapes, Clay finally understands why Hannah took her own life. He is filled with grief but learns from her story. The next day at school, he skips class to reach out to Skye Miller, another girl who is showing signs of social avoidance and unhappiness.


(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Assignment", change the description of the assignment in your Dashboard.)


Student Instructions

Create a visual plot diagram of Thirteen Reasons Why.


  1. Click "Use this Template" from the assignment.
  2. Separate the story into the Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution.
  3. Create an image that represents an important moment or set of events for each of the story components.
  4. Write a description of each of the steps in the plot diagram.
  5. Save and submit the assignment. Make sure to use the drop-down menu to save it under the assignment title.



(Modify this basic rubric by clicking the link below. You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)




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